This chocolate tutorial covers melting chocolate using a stove, microwave, or oven.
Glass or heat proof bowl
Oven, Stove, or Microwave
Spatula or Spoon for stirring
- Chocolate chopped into small pieces
METHOD 1: STOVETOP DOUBLE BROILER
Set up a double broiler or a heavy bottom pot with about an inch of water over low to medium heat.
Then, place a heat proof bowl on top of the pot. Make sure the water doesn’t touch the bottom of the bowl or it can cause the chocolate to get grainy.
Place the chocolate in the bowl. Once the water is simmering the steam will heat the bowl enough to melt the chocolate but not burn or scorch it.
Gently stir the chocolate until melted.
METHOD 2: MICROWAVE
Add your chocolate to a microwave safe bowl and heat according to instruction on the package.
Typically, this is 1 minute at 50% power. Then continue heating and stirring for 15-30 second intervals until completely melted.
METHOD 3: OVEN
To use an oven, place the chocolate in an oven safe bowl.
If heating multiple colors at the same time, it helps to place the bowls of chocolate on a cookie sheet to easily move in and out of the oven.
Place in a pre-heated oven, on warm or the lowest oven setting. If your oven does't have a warm setting or starts at 250 ℉, preheat the oven and then turn it off when you put in the chocolate.
Heat until melted. I’ve found 12 oz of chocolate takes 15-30 minutes depending on the size of the chocolate pieces and the brand.
- If you want a shinny, crisp chocolate be sure to temper the chocolate or use candy melts or chocolate wafers. You can read about tempering here.
- If the chocolate is overheated it can seize up and get grainy, so it's important to heat the chocolate slowly and at low heat.
- Water or liquid in the chocolate can also cause it to seize up so it's important that all bowls and utensils are completely dry.
- If coloring white chocolate, be sure to use oil based candy colors food coloring.
- Ganache should be a 1 to 1 ratio or chocolate to cream for regular chocolate and 2 or 3 parts chocolate to 1 part cream for white chocolate.